The Istanbul Protocol is a “Manual on the Effective Investigation and Documentation of Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment” adopted by the UN in 1999.

The Council of Europe Convention on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings came into force in the UK on April 1, 2009.

The Anti-Trafficking Legal Project is a network of solicitors, barristers and specialist practitioners who advise, represent and support victims of trafficking and other vulnerable people.

The Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association exists to promote and improve the advising and representation of immigrants, provide information to members and others on domestic and European immigration, asylum and nationality law, and secure a non-racist, non-sexist, just and equitable system of immigration refugee and nationality law practice.

The British Red Cross provides a range of important casework services for asylum seekers and refugees.

The Refugee Council provides support and help to refugees and asylum seekers and to make information and advice available to them directly. Free advice and information can be provided to refugees and asylum seekers in their own language through the One Stop Services.

Project London is an advocacy project that provides information, advice and practical assistance to vulnerable people to help them access NHS and other services.

The Havens are specialist centres in London for people who have been raped or sexually assaulted.

Crisis offers education, employment, housing and well-being services to single homeless people including asylum seekers and works to prevent homelessness.